AACRG: African Amphibian Conservation Research Group, North-West University, Potchefstroom. Current as: AACRG (amphibians). North West. South Africa.
ABE: Private collection of Tokiharu Abe. Note: some fish types were housed at Tokyo fish market; collection to be transferred to The University Museum, University of Tokyo (ZUMT). Tokyo. Japan.
ABL: Auke Bay Laboratory, Alaska Fisheries Science Center (AFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Division of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Formerly: Northwest and Alaska Fisheries Center (NWAFC), descended from Northwest Fisheries Science Center (NWFSC). Obsolete as: NWAFC. Also as: ABML. Alaska. USA.
AC-IFF/AABM: Aquatic Animal Biodiversity Museum, Department of Industrial Fish and Fisheries, Asutosh College, Kolkata [ex Calcutta]. Current as: AC-IFF/AABM/Pisces/(fishes). West Bengal. India.
ACAP: Aquaculture Center of Aomori Prefecture [Aomoriken Suisan Zoshoku Senta], Higashitsugaru. Current as: ACAP (fishes). Aomori. Japan.
ADIAS: Abu Dhabi Islands Archaeological Survey storage facility, Abu Dhabi. Includes: fossil collections made by Peter Whybrow and Andrew Hill. Current as: ADIAS (fossils). United Arab Emirates.
AENM: Amur Natural History Museum of the Institute of Geology and Nature Management, Russian Academy of Sciences, Blagoveshchensk. Obsolete as: AEHM. Current as: AEHM (fossils). Amur Oblast. Russia.
AFAN: Zoological Museum, Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Yerevan [Erevan]. Formerly: Armenian Branch of USSR Academy of Sciences (1943–1993). Note: Institute of Zoology and Institute of Hydroecology and Ichthyology merged into Center of Zoology and Hydroecology (SCZH) founded in 2006. Obsolete as: ZIA (Zoological Institute). Current as: AFAN. Also as: IZAY (beetles). Armenia.
AFAQ: Queensland Amateur Fishing Clubs Association, Inc. Formerly: Amateur Fisheries Association of Queensland. Note: most specimens transferred to Queensland Museum (QM). Queensland. Australia.
AFG: Private herp collection of Ansel Fong G. Note: some specimens deposited at BSC and MNHNCu. Santiago de Cuba. Cuba.
AFG: Private herp collection of Bohumil Král, Brně [Brno]. Note: based on publications; whereabouts of collection unknown. Jihomoravský [South Moravian]. Czech Republic.
AFSC: Alaska Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, Seattle. Note: fish and otolith collection largely transferred to Burke Museum (UW). Washington. USA.
AFY: Private collection of Agustín Fernández-Yépez. Note: extant fishes at Field Museum of Natural History (FMNH), Museo de Biología de la Universidad Central de Venezuela (MBUCV), Museo de Historia Natural La Salle (MHNLS). Venezuela.
AG: Academie Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen. Note: destroyed by fire in 1906. Groningen. Netherlands.
AGCZRL: Abasaheb Garware College, Zoology Research Laboratory, Pune. Obsolete as: AGC-ZRL. Current as: AGCZRL (herps). Maharashtra. India.
AGM: Archivo Gráfico y Museo Histórico de San Francisco y la Región, San Francisco. Current as: AGM (fossils). Córdoba. Argentina.
AGT: Alfred Gillett Trust Fossil Collection, Street, Somerset. Current as: AGT (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
AHF: Allan Hancock Foundation, University of Southern California. Note: Fish types transferred to LACM, non-type collection remains at AHF. California. USA.
AHU: School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei. Anhui. China.
AI: Asociación Ictiológica, La Plata. Note: collection separate from, but in same building as MLP. Current as: AI (fishes). Buenos Aires. Argentina.
AIC: Adel A. Ibrahim Collection, Ha'il University, Ha'il. Current as: AIC (herps). Saudi Arabia.
AIM: Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland. Formerly: Auckland Institute and Museum until 1996. Includes: herpetological collection of Joan Robb, University of Auckland (AUZ). Current as: AIM (fishes, herps; retained for consistency). Auckland. New Zealand.
AJL: Private collection of Angelo J. Lambiris, Hillcrest. Note: to be incorporated into Durban Natural Science Museum (DNSM). KwaZulu-Natal. South Africa.
AKPM: Akita Prefectural Museum, Akita. Current as: AKPM (fishes). Akita. Japan.
ALMNH: Alabama Museum of Natural History, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. Includes: vertebrate fossil collection from Geological Survey of Alabama (GSA). Current as: ALMNH PV (fossils). Obsolete as: AL, ALA, UAM, UAMNH, UNAL. See also: UA (fishes & herps administered separately by Department of Biological Sciences). Alabama. USA.
AMA: Assessoria para Meio Ambiente, ELETROSUL, Florianópolis. Note: fish collection assembled by Manuel Pereira de Godoy, presumably no longer extant. Also as: AMA-Electrosul (fishes). See also: EEBP, MHNP (Godoy fishes). Santa Catarina. Brazil.
AMG: Albany Museum, Grahamstown. Note: herp collection transferred to Port Elizabeth Museum (PEM) in 1993; fish collection transferred to South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB). Also as: AM, A.M. (herps), AMSA/P. Eastern Cape. South Africa.
AMNH: American Museum of Natural History, New York. Includes: herp collection from Texas A&M University-Kingsville (formerly Texas A&I University, TAI, TAIC), type specimens from Vanderbilt Marine Museum (VMM); fossils belonging to the Republic of Mali transferred from Stony Brook University in 2019 (CNRST-SUNY). Current as: AMNH. Also as: F:AM (fossils, Frick Collection), AMNH FF (fossil fishes), AMNH FR (fossil herps). New York. USA.
AMP: Ashoro Museum of Paleontology, Ashoro. Current as: AMP (fossils). Hokkaido. Japan.
AMPG: Athens Museum of Palaeontology and Geology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (UoA), Athens. Also known as: University of Athens. Current as: AMPG (fossils). See also: ZMUA (Zoological Museum). Attica. Greece.
AMRL: Alabama Marine Resources Laboratory, Dauphin Island. Alabama. USA.
AMRS: Abkhazian Museum of Regional Studies, Sukhumi [Sokhumi]. Also known as: Abkhazian State Museum of Local Lore. Current as: AMRS (fossils). Georgia [Abkhazia].
AMS: Australian Museum, Sydney. Formerly: Colonial Museum Sydney (1827–1836). Includes: fish types and herps from Macleay Museum, University of Sydney (MAMU, MMS, MMUS, MU). Obsolete as: AM, A.M. Current as: AMS (fishes, herps), AM-F (fossils). New South Wales. Australia.
AMU-CURS: Colección de Paleontología de Vertebrados de la Alcaldía Bolivariana de Urumaco, Urumaco. Also known as: Museo Paleontológico de Urumaco (MPU). Current as: AMU-CURS (fossils). Falcón. Venezuela.
ANC: Acuario Nacional de Cuba, La Habana [Havana]. Includes: fish collection from Centro de Colecciones Naturales Marinas (CCNM), Instituto de Oceanología, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, La Habana (IdO, IOH) transferred in 2005; fishes from Orlando H. Garrido (OHG). Current as: ANC (fishes, Colección de Peces), IdO (fishes, Instituto de Oceanología). La Habana. Cuba.
ANDES: Museo de Historia Natural Andes, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá. Obsolete as: ULAB. Current as: ANDES-A (amphibians), ANDES-R (non-avian reptiles), ANDES-I (fishes). Distrito Capital. Colombia.
ANSP: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia. Also known as: Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University (for marketing purposes). Includes: paleontological collection of the American Philosophical Society transferred in the late 1840s; specimens from Wistar Institute (WIAP), Commercial Museum of Philadelphia (CMP), Duke University (DU) and Delaware Museum of Natural History (DMNH); private collections of Charles Lucien Bonaparte and Edward Drinker Cope. Current as: ANSP (fishes, herps, fossils). Pennsylvania. USA.
ANU: Australian National University, Canberra. Includes: Gauba Collection and fossils from Commonwealth Paleontological Collection (CPC). Current as: ANU V (fossils). Australian Capital Territory. Australia.
ANWC: Australian National Wildlife Collection, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Canberra. Note: founded in 1966. Current as: ANWC. Australian Capital Territory. Australia.
AOD: Australian Age of Dinosaurs Fossil Museum of Natural History, Winton. Current as: AOD F (fossils). Also as: AODF (fossils). Queensland. Australia.
APF/SFRI: Arunachal Pradesh Forest Department, State Forest Research Institute, Van Vihar, Itanagar. Current as: APF/SFRI (herps). Arunachal Pradesh. India.
APM: Aomori Prefectural Museum, Aomori. Aomori. Japan.
APPZ: Appalachian State University, Boone. Note: part of herp collection transferred to North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences (NCSM) in 2014. Obsolete as: ASUC. Current as: APPZ (fishes, herps). North Carolina. USA.
APSU: Austin Peay State University, Museum, Clarkesville. Current as: APSU (fishes). Tennessee. USA.
AQDM: Aquaculture Department Museum of Aquatic Biodiversity, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), Tigbauan, Panay Island. Iloilo. Philippines.
ARAN: colección de la Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi, San Sebastián. Current as: ARAN (herps), GA (fossils, Sección de Geología). Gipuzkoa. Spain.
ARC: Atlantic Reference Centre, Saint Andrews. Current as: ARC (fishes). New Brunswick. Canada.
ASIZ: Biodiversity Research Museum, Chinese Academy of Sciences [Academia Sinica], Nankang, Taipei City. Note: administered by Biodiversity Research Center (BRCAS). Obsolete as: ASIZT (Institute of Zoology). Current as: ASIZ P (fishes), ASIZ AM (amphibians) ASIZ R (reptiles). Taipei City. Taiwan.
ASK: Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (ASB), Kolkata [ex Calcutta]. Also known as: Oriental Museum of the Asiatic Society. Note: orginal natural history collection established ca. 1828, transferred to Indian Museum, Calcutta (IMC) in 1866 and then to Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) in 1916. Current as: ASK. West Bengal. India.
ASL: Private collection of Alejandro Solórzano, Serpentario Nacional de Costa Rica, San José. San José. Costa Rica.
ASNHC: Angelo State Natural History Collection, Angelo State University, San Angelo. Current as: ASNHC (herps). Texas. USA.
ASSL: Academy of Science of St. Louis, St. Louis. Missouri. USA.
ASU: Arizona State University, School of Life Sciences, Tempe. Includes: one-third of fish collection from University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). Current as: ASU. Arizona. USA.
ASUMZ: Arkansas State University Museum of Zoology, State University. Note: collections unified under Arkansas Center for Biodiversity Collections (ACBC) in 2016. Current as: ASUMZ (fishes, herps). Arkansas. USA.
ATEITh: Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Nea Moudania. Current as: ATEITh (fishes). Central Macedonia. Greece.
ATFC: Arkansas Tech University Fish Collection, Department of Biological Science, Russellville. Arkansas. USA.
ATREE: Museum of Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Bengaluru [Bangalore]. Current as: ATREE. Karnataka. India.
AU-Ecol/ABM: Animal Biodiversity Museum of the Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, Assam University, Silchar. Current as: AU-Ecol/ABM (herps). Assam. India.
AU: The University of Auckland, Geological Collections, Auckland. Current as: AU (fossils). Auckland. New Zealand.
AUBM: American University of Beirut, Natural History Museum, Beirut. Current as: AUBM (fishes). Also as: AUB (mammals). Lebanon.
AUGD: University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen. Current as: AUGD (fossils, Geology Department), AUZD (herps, Zoology Department). Scotland. United Kingdom.
AUH: Al Ain National Museum, Abu Dhabi Tourism and Culture Authority, Al Ain. Also known as: Al Ain Museum. Formerly: Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage (merged into the Tourism and Culture Authority in 2012). Current as: AUH (fossils). United Arab Emirates.
AUM: Auburn University Museum of Natural History, Auburn. Formerly: Alabama Polytechnic Institute (API). Includes: fish holotypes dual-accessioned at AUM and Center for the Study of Biological Diversity, University of Guyana (CSBD) to be repatriated to Guyana. Obsolete as: API, AU, AUNHMLC, UAA. Current as: AUM (fishes), AUFT (fish tissues), AUMP (fossils, Museum of Paleontology). Alabama. USA.
AUTH: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki. Obsolete as: MZUTH (Museum of Zoology), ZMUT. Current as: AUTH (fishes & fossils). Also as: AUT (fossils), DZAUT and MDZAUT (fishes, Department of Zoology), LGPUT (Laboratory of Geology and Paleontology), LZUT (fishes, Laboratory of Zoology). Central Macedonia. Greece.
AUZC: Al-Azhar University Zoological Collection, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo. Note: smaller collections of fishes and other fauna associated with other Al-Azhar campuses (e.g., Asyut), but not part of AUZC. Current as: AUZC (herps). Egypt.
AVC: Zoology Department, Arya Vidyapeeth College, Tarun Nagar, Guwahati. Note: affiliated with Gauhati University. Current as: AVC (herps). Also as: AVCM (herps). Assam. India.
AVG: Aquário Vasco da Gama, Lisboa [Lisbon]. Includes: Oceanographic Collection of D. Carlos I. Current as: AVG (fishes). Lisboa [Lisbon]. Portugal.
AZM: Private collection of Richard Wells, Katoomba. Also known as: Australian Zoological Museum. New South Wales. Australia.
AZUSC: Acervo Zoológico da Universidade Santa Cecília, Santos. Current as: AZUSC (fishes). São Paulo. Brazil.
AtlantNIRO: Atlantic Scientific Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Kaliningrad. Current as: AtlantNIRO (fishes). Kaliningrad Oblast. Russia.