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BAH: Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, Helgoland [Heligoland]. Formerly: Königlich Preuische Biologische Anstalt Helgoland founded in 1892. Note: part of the Alfred-Wegener-Institut since 1998. Schleswig-Holstein. Germany.
BAMZ: Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo, Bermuda Zoological Society, Flatts Village. Formerly: Bermuda Natural History Society. Obsolete as: BZS, BNHS. Current as: BAMZ (fishes). Bermuda.
BAR: Kipsaraman Museum, Baringo. Note: affiliated with National Museums of Kenya (NMK). Current as: BAR (fossils). Kenya.
BC: Bethel College, Newton. Current as: BC (herps). Kansas. USA.
BCB: Bowdoin College, Fish Collection, Brunswick. Maine. USA.
BDSSI: Laboratory of the Biology Department, Shanghai Science Institute, Shanghai. Note: present status unknown. Shanghai. China.
BELUM: The Ulster Museum, Department of Natural Sciences, Belfast. Northern Ireland. United Kingdom.
BEV: Collection Biogéographie et Ecologie des Vertébrés, Laboratoire de biogéographie et écologie des vertébrés, Montpellier. Note: collection established in 1967 and housed at Centre d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive (CEFE) established in 1987 under the guardianship of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université de Montpellier, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) and École pratique des hautes études (EPHE) among others. Obsolete as: LBEV, LBUM (Laboratoire de Biogéographie, Université de Montpellier; presumably same as BEV collection). Current as: BEV (herps). Also as: EPHE (herps). See also: USTL. Hérault. France.
BFRIRS: Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI), Riverine Station, Moishadi. Chandpur. Bangladesh.
BGG: Basque Government official repository institution for the District of Guipuzkoa, San Sebastián. Current as: BGG (fossils). Gipuzkoa. Spain.
BGR: Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources], Berlin. Current as: BGR (fossils). Berlin. Germany.
BGRHB: Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources] of Hannover-Buchholz, Hannover [Hanover]. Note: one of three institutions in Geozentrum Hannover. Obsolete as: BGHan. Current as: BGRHB (fossils). See also: BGR (Berlin). Niedersachsen [Lower Saxony]. Germany.
BGS: British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham. Current as: BGS (fossils). Also as: BGS GSM (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
BGSU: Department of Geology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green. Note: fossil type specimens transferred to US National Museum of Natural History (USNM), Orton Geological Museum, Ohio State University (OSU) and University of Michigan Museum of Paleontology (UMMP). Current as: BGSU (fossils). Ohio. USA.
BHI: Museum at Black Hills Institute of Geological Research, Inc., Hill City. Current as: BHI (fossils). South Dakota. USA.
BIHM: Bihoro Museum, Abashiri. Current as: BIHM (fishes). Hokkaido. Japan.
BIKU: Department [Institute] of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac. Current as: BIKU (fishes). Also as: BIK (Biological Institute Kragujevac), FSUK (fishes, Faculty of Sciences). Šumadija. Serbia.
BIOUG: Centre for Biodiversity Genomics (CBG), University of Guelph, Guelph. Current as: BIOUG (fishes, herps). Ontario. Canada.
BIUB: Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Biological Institute, Ulaanbaatar [Ulan Bator]. Current as: BIUB (herps). Mongolia.
BJC: Bijie College, Bijie. Current as: BJC (herps). Guizhou. China.
BK: Bio-Ken Snake Farm, Watamu. Kenya.
BKM: Trudovoy Slavy Museum, Soligorsk [Salihorsk]. Current as: BKM (fossils). Belarus.
BLIP: Biological Laboratory, Imperial Palace, Tokyo. Obsolete as: BLIH (Imperial Household), LIAIP (Laboratory of Ichthyology, Akasaka Imperial Palace), LICPP (Laboratory of Ichthyology, The Crown Prince's Palace). Current as: BLIP (fishes). Tokyo. Japan.
BLT: BioLab of Seshachalam Hills, Wildlife Management Circle, Kapilatheertham, Tirupati. Also known as: BioLab of Tirupati. Current as: BLT (herps). Arunachal Pradesh. India.
BMAG: Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, Bristol. Current as: BMAG (fishes, fossils), CBMAG (herps). Also as: BRSMG (fossils), BCMAG (birds). England. United Kingdom.
BMB: Booth Museum of Natural History, Brighton. Note: established in 1874; part of Royal Pavilion & Museums, Brighton and Hove. Includes: geological collections formerly on display in the Geological Gallery of Brighton Museum (dismantled ca. 1947). Current as: BMB (fossils). Also as: BMNHB (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
BMCHIHUAHUA: Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Chihuahua. Current as: BMCHIHUAHUA (fishes). Chihuahua. Mexico.
BMKB: Brunei Museum [Muzium Brunei], Kota Batu, Bandar Seri Begawan. Current as: BMKB. Brunei.
BMMS: Bürgermeister-Müller-Museum, Solnhofen. Current as: BMMS (fossils). Also as: BMM-S. Bayern [Bavaria]. Germany.
BMNHC: Beijing Museum of Natural History, Dongcheng District, Beijing. Formerly: National Central Museum of Natural History (1951–1962). Current as: BMAM (Recent fishes), BMNHC (fossils). Also as: BMNH (fossils), CNHM (herps), NHBM (fishes). Beijing. China.
BMR: Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford. Current as: BMR (fossils). Illinois. USA.
BMT: Birmingham Museums Trust, Birmingham. Includes: fossils originally accessioned into collections of Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery (BMAG) and now housed in the Thinktank Science Museum (TSM). Current as: BMT (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
BNHMD: Bengal Natural History Museum, Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Darjeeling. Note: incorporated into West Bengal Zoo Authority (WBZA) in 2015. West Bengal. India.
BNHS: Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai [Bombay]. Includes: specimens formerly deposited at Konkan field station museum, Ratnagiri. Note: unregistered fishes from old BNHS collection tranferred to ZSI-WRC. Obsolete as: BNHM. Current as: BNHS (herps), BNHS A (amphibians), BNHS FWF (fishes). Maharashtra. India.
BNM: Botswana National Museum, Gaborone. Note: uncataloged herp specimens cited using field numbers (e.g., KHH). Current as: BNM (herps). Botswana.
BNM: Muzeul de Istorie Naturală Sibiu [Museum of Natural History Sibiu], Sibiu. Includes: Richard Breckner fossil collection. Note: part of Muzeul Natxional Brukenthal [Brukenthal National Museum]. Current as: BNM (entomology, fossils). Sibiu. Romania.
BP: Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. Formerly: Bernard Price Institute (BPI) for Palaeontological Research until 2013. Current as: BP (fossils). Also as: BPI (fossils). See also: WUM. Gauteng. South Africa.
BPBM: The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Department of Zoology, Honolulu. Includes: fishes from National Marine Fisheries Service, Honolulu (NMFSH), formerly Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Honolulu (BCFH); fish types from University of Hawaii, Honolulu (UH). Obsolete as: BBM. Current as: BPBM (fishes, herps). Hawaii. USA.
BPM: Beipiao Paleontological Museum, Beipiao. Also known as: Liaoning Paleontological Museum (LPM), but that name also applied to separate museum in Shenyang. Obsolete as: LPM. Current as: BPM (fossils). See also: PMOL. Liaoning. China.
BRSUG: University of Bristol, Department of Earth Sciences, Bristol. Current as: BRSUG (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
BRT: Blue Resources Trust Ichthyology Collection, Marine Research and Consultancy, Kalkudah. Current as: BRT-I (fishes). Eastern Province. Sri Lanka.
BSC: Herpetological Collection of Centro Oriental de Ecosistemas y Biodiversidad (BIOECO), Museo de Historia Natural “Tomás Romay”, Santiago de Cuba. Includes: herps from Ansel Fong G. (AFG). Current as: BSC.H (herps). Santiago de Cuba. Cuba.
BSFC: National Ecology Research Center, Biology Survey, Fort Collins. Colorado. USA.
BSGLC: Buffalo State Great Lakes Center, Buffalo. New York. USA.
BSKU: Kochi University, Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi. Formerly: Department of Natural Science, Faculty of Science until April 2017. Includes: material from Usa Marine Biological Laboratory and Kochi University, Faculty of Agriculture (FAKOU). Obsolete as: FAKOU, ZIKU. Current as: BSKU (fishes). See also: KCU (fossils). Kochi. Japan.
BSMP: Bureau of Science (BSM), Manila, Luzon. Note: completely destroyed Jan 1945 during World War II. Metro Manila. Philippines.
BSN: Biological Society of Nevada. Note: listed in error as Biological Survey of Nevada in Gilbert 1998:4; location and status of collections unknown. Nevada. USA.
BSNH: Boston Society of Natural History [now Boston Museum of Science]. Note: extant specimens now at Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ). Massachusetts. USA.
BSPG: Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie [Bavarian State Collection for Paleontology and Geology], München [Munich]. Also known as: Paläontologisches Museum München [Paleontological Museum Munich] (PMM) used for public part of BSPG. Formerly: Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Historische Geologie (BSPHG). Note: one of multiple institutions comprising and administered by Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns [Bavarian Natural History Collections] (SNSB). Obsolete as: BSM, BSP, BSPHG, BSPHM, BSPM. Current as: BSPG (fossils). Also as: SNSB-BSPG (fossils). Bayern [Bavaria]. Germany.
BSRT: Bureau of Scientific Researches of the Governor-General of Taiwan [Formosa], Taihoku [Taipei City]. Note: no longer extant; collection assembled by Masamitsu Oshima (1884–1965) who was Also associated with the Bureau of Civil Engineering and later with the Museum of the Institute of Science, Government of Formosa (ISFM, ISM, MISGF); status of herps cited from “Bureau of Scientific Researches” by Oshima (1910) unknown except holotype of Psammodynastes compressus possibly extant at National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo (NSMT). See also: MST, NTM. Taipei City. Taiwan.
BSUM: Geological Museum of Belarusian State University, Minsk. Current as: BSUM (fossils). Belarus.
BU: Boston University Collection, Boston. Note: some fishes at Gray Museum (GMWH). Massachusetts. USA.
BU: Butler University, Indianapolis. Note: historical fish collection (1874–1892) transferred in part to University of Florida (UF). Also as: BUI. Indiana. USA.
BUB: Museum of Department of Zoology, Bangalore University, Bengaluru [Bangalore]. Current as: BUB (herps). See also: CCB. Karnataka. India.
BXGM: Benxi Geological Museum, Benxi. Current as: BXGM (fossils). Liaoning. China.
BYU: Brigham Young University, Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum, Provo. Current as: BYU. Also as: MLBM (fishes). Utah. USA.







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Richard J. Sexton