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CAC-CDMB: Colección Ictiológica de César A. Castellanos-Corporación Autónoma para la Defensa de la Meseta de Bucaramanga, Bucaramanga. Current as: CAC-CDMB (fishes). Santander. Colombia.
CAD-SBU: Cheikh Anta Diop–Stony Brook University Collection, Department of Anatomical Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook. Current as: CAD-SBU (fossil fishes). See also: CNRST-SUNY (fossils). New York. USA.
CAD: Private collection of Charles A. Domergue (herps). Note: presumably in Madagascar. Madagascar.
CAMSM: The Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge. Current as: CAMSM (fossils). Also as: SM (fossils). See also: UMZC. England. United Kingdom.
CAR-ITCV: Colección de Anfibios y Reptiles, Instituto Technológico de Ciudad Victoria (ITCV), Ciudad Victoria. Current as: CAR-ITCV (herps). Also as: ITCV, ITT (herps). Tamaulipas. Mexico.
CAR: Private collection of Carlos A. Ardila Rodríguez, Barranquilla. Current as: CAR (fishes). Atlántico. Colombia.
CARE: Private collection of Alberto R. Estrada, La Habana [Havana]. La Habana. Cuba.
CAREC: Caribbean Epidemiology Centre, Federation Park. Formerly: Trinidad Regional Virus Laboratory (TRVL). Current as: CAREC (herps). Trinidad. Trinidad & Tobago.
CARIE: Colección de Anfibios y Reptiles del Instituto de Ecología, A.C., El Haya, Xalapa [Jalapa]. Current as: CARIE (herps). Veracruz. Mexico.
CAS: California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. Includes: fishes from Department of Zoology, University of California, Berkeley (UCB teaching collection) and University of Nevada, Las Vegas (two-thirds of UNLV collection); specimens from George Vanderbilt Foundation (CAS-GVF) and Indiana University, Bloomington (CAS-IU); Stanford University (SU) collections of fishes (CAS-SU), amphibians (CAS-SUA) and reptiles (CAS-SUR). Note: during computerization, 100000 added to each SU catalog number (e.g., SU 12345 databased as CAS 112345), but may be cited as SU 12345 or CAS-SU 112345. Current as: CAS (fishes, herps, fossils). Also as: SU (Stanford University collections). California. USA.
CASAU: Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai. Formerly: Biological Station Reference Museum at Porto Novo (BSRM). Obsolete as: BSRM. Current as: CASAU. Tamil Nadu. India.
CAUK: Institut für Geowissenschaften der Christian-Albrechts-Universität (CAU) zu Kiel [University of Kiel], Kiel. Current as: CAUK (fossils). See also: ZMK. Schleswig-Holstein. Germany.
CBB: Colegio Biffi La Salle, Barranquilla. Note: small natural history collection assembled in the early to mid 1900s by Brothers of the De La Salle religious order; part of collection lost during transport to new building; current status unknown. Atlántico. Colombia.
CBC: Center for Biodiversity Conservation, Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP), Phnom Penh. Current as: CBC (herps). Phnom Penh. Cambodia.
CBD: Private collection of G.A.C Balma & G.B. Delmastro, Torino [Turin]. Also known as: Collezione Ittiologica Balma-Delmastro. Torino [Turin]. Italy.
CBF: Colección Boliviana de Fauna, Museo Nacional de Historia Natural and Instituto de Ecología de la Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz. Obsolete as: CFB. Current as: CBF (fishes, herps). La Paz. Bolivia.
CBL: Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland, Solomons. Note: part of fish collection transferred by Frank Schwartz to UNC-IMS (specimens now at North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, NCSM), remainder of CBL fish collection to Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). Maryland. USA.
CBM: Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba. Current as: CBM-ZF (fishes). See also: CMNH. Chiba. Japan.
CBRG: Conservation Biology Research Group Laboratory, Department of Biology, University of Malta, Msida. Current as: CBRG/F. (fishes). Malta.
CBSIZA: Caspian Biological Station, Institute of Zoology, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku. Obsolete as: CBS. Current as: CBSIZA. Azerbaijan.
CCB: Central College of Bangalore Museum, Bengaluru [Bangalore]. Note: originally affiliated with University of Mysore which became Bangalore University in 1964. See also: BUB. Karnataka. India.
CCBER: University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), Cheadle Center for Biodiversity and Ecological Restoration. Obsolete as: UCSB. Current as: CCBER. California. USA.
CCCGS: Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources (CIGMRC), Chengdu. Also known as: Chengdu Center of China Geological Survey. Obsolete as: CGS. Current as: CCCGS (fossils), LPV (Luoping County Vertebrate fossil collection). Sichuan. China.
CCK: Columbus State University, Columbus. Current as: CCK (fossils, Cretaceous research collections). Georgia. USA.
CCMGE: Chernyshev Central Museum of Geological Exploration, St. Petersburg [formerly Leningrad]. Also known as: F.N. Chernyshev Central Scientific Research and Geological Exploration Museum. Formerly: Central Geological Museum (1930–1935). Note: closely associated with All-Russian Geological Institute, formerly All-Union Geological Institute (VSEGEI, 1939–1992), descended from Central Geoglogical Survey Scientific Research Institute (TsNIGRI, 1929–1939). Obsolete as: AHCCCP. Current as: CCMGE (fossil vertebrates). Also as: CNIGR, TsNIGR, TsNIGRI (fossils). Northwestern Federal District. Russia.
CCVUACJ: Colección Científica de Vertebrados (CCV), Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ). Current as: CCVUACJ (herps). Chihuahua. Mexico.
CDZMTU: Tribhuvan University, Central Department of Zoology Museum, Kirtipur, Kathmandu. Obsolete as: ZICT (Zoological Institution Committee). Current as: CDZMTU (gastropods) Also as: TUK, TZC (fishes). See also: NHMTU. Nepal.
CEATOX-PB: Centro de Assistência Toxicológica da Paraíba, Hospital Universitário Lauro Wanderley Cidade Universitária, João Pessoa. Current as: CEATOX-PB (herps). Paraíba. Brazil.
CEBM: Estación Biológica de la Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú. Canindeyú. Paraguay.
CECN: Centro de Estudios de Ciencias Naturales, Montevideo. Note: herp collection housed at Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Montevideo (MHNM) since ca. 1996; specimens re-numbered, but also retain original CECN numbers too. Current as: CECN-A (amphibians) & CECN-R (reptiles). Montevideo. Uruguay.
CEDO: Centro Educativo Don Orione, Departamento de Biologia, Montevideo. Note: collection apparently closed, disposition of specimens unknown. Montevideo. Uruguay.
CEMB: Center of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi. Note: uncertain whether collections are separate from Marine Reference Collection and Resource Centre (MRCC). Current as: CEMB-P (fishes). Sindh. Pakistan.
CEMZ: Colección de peces de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador Sede Esmeraldas, Esmeraldas. Current as: CEMZ-P (fishes). Esmeraldas. Ecuador.
CENAI: Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Iológicas, Buenos Aires. Also as: Coleccion Herpetologica, Instituto Nacional de Microbiología “Gustav G. Malbrán” (CENAI/CHINM, INM, IINM). Note: “Iológicas” correct, derived from Greek word for venom; institution founded by Avelino Barrio and closed in 1979; herps (including types) transferred to MACN. Buenos Aires. Argentina.
CENPAT: Centro Nacional Patagónico, Puerto Madryn. Note: exclusive unit of Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cienctíficas y Tecnológicas (CONICET). Includes: Colección Herpetológica, Luciano Javier Avila Mariana Morando (LJAMM-CNP) began in 1998 and dontaed to CENPAT in 2009. Obsolete as: CH-CNP (herps). Current as: CENPAT (fossil fishes), CNP-A (amphibians), CNP-P (fishes), LJAMM-CNP (Colección Herpetológica). Chubut. Argentina.
CEP: Centro de Experimentación Pesquera, Museo-Acuario, Gijón. Asturias. Spain.
CEPB: Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas Biológicas, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás, Goiânia. Includes: specimens from faunal rescues associated with Usina Hidrelétrica de Serra da Mesa (UHESM) and Usina Hidrelétrica de Corumbá (UHEC). Current as: CEPB (herps), UHESM & UHEC (herps housed at CEPB). Also as: PUC-GO (herps). Goiás. Brazil.
CEPFL: Centre d'Etude Pêches, Service des eaux et forêts du Tchad, Fort-Lamy [now N'Djamena]. Chad.
CES: Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bengaluru [Bangalore]. Current as: CES (herps). Also as: CESL (lizards). Karnataka. India.
CES: Colección Herpetológica Centro Ecológico de Sonora, Hermosillo. Sonora. Mexico.
CET: Centro de Estudios Tropicales, Sevilla [Seville]. Current as: CET (herps). Sevilla. Spain.
CETC: Collection de l'École technique (Realschule) de Cologne, Köln [Cologne]. Note: collection cited by Jan & Sordelli (1865); apparently no longer extant. Nordrhein-Westfalen [North Rhine-Westphalia]. Germany.
CEUCH: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Câmpus do Pantanal, Corumbá. Current as: CEUCH (herps). See also: ZUFMS. Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil.
CEUM: College of Eastern Utah Prehistoric Museum, Price. Current as: CEUM (fossils). Also as: CEU (fossils). Utah. USA.
CFA: Fundación de Historia Natural Félix de Azara Colección, Universidad Maimónides, Buenos Aires. Includes: fish collection formerly at Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, La Plata (ILPLA, ILLPA). Note: older CFA collections assembled by Julio Rafael Contreras for Programa de Biología Básica, Corrientes, transferred to MACN and re-numbered. Current as: CFA-IC (fishes), CFA-AN (amphibians), CFA-RE (reptiles). Buenos Aires. Argentina.
CFBH: Coleção Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Campus de Rio Claro. Current as: CFBH (amphibians). See also: LGP (fishes), MHE (fossils). São Paulo. Brazil.
CFEC: Chongqing Museum of Natural History, Chongqing. Also known as: Municipal Museum of Chongqing. Current as: CFEC (fossils). Also as: CNHM (amphibians), CV (fossils). Chongqing. China.
CFM-IEOMA: Colecciones de Fauna Marina del Centro Oceanográfico de Málaga, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Fuengirola. Current as: CFM-IEOMA. Málaga. Spain.
CFSTA: Colección privada de la Fundación Santa Teresa de Ávila, Villa de Leyva. Current as: CFSTA (fossils). Boyacá. Colombia.
CG: Private collection of Chapman Grant (1887–1983). Note: status unknown. USA.
CGDBK: Collection Grande Duke of Baden, Karlsruhe. Current as: CGDBK (fossils). Baden-Württemberg. Germany.
CGE: Private collection of Fitnat Güler Ekmekçi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi [Hacettepe University], Ankara. See also: HUIC. Ankara. Turkey.
CGM: Coast Guard Museum, Chaguaramas. Note: collections of fishes and marine invertebrates by staff. Current as: CGM (fishes). Trinidad. Trinidad & Tobago.
CGM: Egyptian Geological Museum, Cairo. Also known as: Cairo Geological Museum. Note: museum established in 1904 as part of the Egyptian Geological Survey (EGS) founded in 1896. Current as: CGM (fossils). Egypt.
CGRB: Conservation Genome Resources Bank for Korean Wildlife, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University. Current as: CGRB. See also: SNU. Seoul. South Korea.
CHAS: Chicago Academy of Sciences, Chicago. Note: partially destroyed by fire Oct 1871. Inlcudes: natural history collections of Northwestern University, Evanston (NWU), transferred ca. 1920–1925. Obsolete as: CA. Current as: CHAS. Illinois. USA.
CHECOA: Coleção Herpetológica de Referência do Centro de Ecologia e Conservação Ambiental, Universidade Católica do Salvador, Salvador. Bahia. Brazil.
CHER: Zoological Museum, Yurii Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi. Current as: CHER. Chernivtsi. Ukraine.
CHFCB: Colección Herpetológica Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango (UJED), Durango. Current as: CHFCB (herps). Durango. Mexico.
CHMHZ: Chlupáč's Museum of Earth History, Univerzita Karlova [Charles University], Praha [Prague]. Also known as: Chlupáčovo muzeum historie Země. Includes: collection of Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Univerzita Karlova [Charles University]. Obsolete as: DP-FNSP, DPFNSP (fossils, Department of Paleontology). Current as: CHMHZ (fossils). See also: CUP (Recent fishes, herps). Praha [Prague]. Czech Republic.
CHUNAM: Colección Herpetológica de la Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Posadas. Current as: CHUNAM (herps). See also: LGE. Misiones. Argentina.
CI-ICMYL: Colección Ictiológica del Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Unidad Mazatlán, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mazatlán. Current as: ICMyl-MAZ. Also as: CIICMYL-P, I-ICMYL (fishes). Sinaloa. Mexico.
CIAD: Colección de Referencia de Peces (CRP), Unidad Mazatlán en Acuicultura y Manejo Ambiental del Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. (CIAD), Mazatlán. Current as: CIAD (fishes). Sinaloa. Mexico.
CIARI: Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Central Island Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Current as: CIARI/FF (freshwater fishes). See also: JPC. Andaman and Nicobar Islands. India.
CIAVE: Centro de Investigações de Animais Venenosos, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Feira de Santana. See also: MZFS. Bahia. Brazil.
CIB-UAEH: Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Pachuca. Obsolete as: CIB. Current as: CI-CIB (fishes, Colección Ictiológica), CH-CIB (herps), UAHMP (fossils, Museo de Paleontología). Also as: CIB-UAEH (herps). Hidalgo. Mexico.
CIB: Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [Academia Sinica], Chengdu. Formerly: Sichuan Biological Research Institute (SBRI). Obsolete as: CIS, SBRI, SERI, SIBAC (Southwest Institute of Biology), ZS. Current as: CIB. Sichuan. China.
CIBN: Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, S.C. (CIBNOR), La Paz. Obsolete as: CIBM. Current as: CIBN (fishes). Also as: CIB (fishes). Baja California Sur. Mexico.
CIC: Museo Naturalístico, Antropológico e Histórico “Jorge Gerhold”, Ingeniero Jacobacci. Current as: CIC (fossils). Río Negro. Argentina.
CICIMAR: Colección Ictiológica del Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), La Paz. Current as: CICIMAR-CI (fishes, non-ichthyoplankton), CICIMAR (ichthyoplankton). Also as: CI, CI-CICIMAR. Baja California Sur. Mexico.
CICMG: (see Addendum)
CICMG: Coleção Ictiológica do Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica de Minas Gerais (CEFET-MG), Belo Horizonte. Current as: CICMG (fishes). Minas Gerais. Brazil.
CICYTTP: Centro de Investigaciónes Científicas y Transferencia de Tecnología a la Produccion, Diamante. Current as: CICYTTP-PV-P (fossil fishes). Also as: CICTTTP (fossils). Entre Ríos. Argentina.
CIDOAX: Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional (CIIDIR), Unidad Oaxaca, Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán. Obsolete as: CIIDIR Oaxaca (fishes). Current as: CIDOAX (fishes). Also as: CPC-CIIDIR OAXACA (fishes, Colección de Peces Continentales), CRP-CIIDIR (fishes, Colección Regional de Peces). Oaxaca. Mexico.
CIFE/KOL: Museum of Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), Kolkata [ex Calcutta]. Current as: CIFE/KOL (fishes). West Bengal. India.
CIIDIR-DGO: Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional (CIIDIR), Unidad Durango, Durango. Durango. Mexico.
CIMAR: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Centro de Investigaciones del Mar, Valparaíso. Valparaíso. Chile.
CIMC: Coleção Ictiológica Morevy Cheffe, Grupo Especial de proteção ao Ambiente Aquático do Rio Grande do Sul (GEEPAA-RS), Pelotas. Current as: CIMC (fishes). Rio Grande do Sul. Brazil.
CINV-NEC: Colección Ictiológica (CI) del Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV) del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), Unidad Mérida [Mérida Campus], Mérida. Note: established in 1986 and maintained within Laboratorio de Taxonomía y Ecología de Peces. Current as: CINV-NEC (fishes). Yucatán. Mexico.
CIP: Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras, Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables y del Ambiente (INDERENA), Cartagena. Note: INDERENA is a government environmental agency created in 1968 and replaced by Ministerio del Medio Ambiente in 1993; CIP transfered to the Instituto Nacional de Pesca y Acuicultura (INPA) in 1990; status unknown, collections perhaps lost. See also: IND (Bogotá, Distrito Capital). Bolívar. Colombia.
CIP: Colección privada del Centro de Investigaciones Paleontológicas, Villa de Leyva. Current as: CIP (fossils). Boyacá. Colombia.
CIPA: Museo de Historia Natural “Pedro Villalobos” (MHNPV), Centro de Investigación y Preservación de la Amazonía, Universidad Amazónica de Pando, Cobija. Nicolás Suárez. Bolivia.
CIPBV: Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras “Bella Vista”, Bella Vista. Note: no longer extant; disposition of collection unknown. Corrientes. Argentina.
CIR-EDHIG: Estación de Investigaciones Hidrobiológicas de Guayana, Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, Campus Guayana, San Félix, Ciudad Guayana. Obsolete as: CRI-EDHIG. Current as: CIR-EDHIG (fishes). Bolívar. Venezuela.
CIRA-UTB: Centro de Investigacíon de Recursos Aquáticos, Universidad Técnica del Beni, Trinidad. Current as: CIRA-UTB (fishes). Beni. Bolivia.
CIUA: Colección de Ictiología del Instituto de Biología de la Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín. Note: collection separate from Museo Universitario, Universidade de Antioquia (MUA). Current as: CIUA (fishes). See also: MUA (fishes), MHUA (herps). Antioquia. Colombia.
CIZ: Centro de Investigaciones Zoológicas, Departamento de Ciencias Ecológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago. Note: collections lost when institution closed during military dictatorship. Santiago. Chile.
CJ: Centro Jambatu de Investigación y Conservación de Anfibios, Fundación Otonga, Quito. Current as: CJ (amphibians). Pichincha. Ecuador.
CJG: Private fish collection of Jacques Géry (1917–2007). Note: no longer extant; some specimens deposited at The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP), Zoologische Staatsammlung München (ZSM), Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Genève (MHNG [as GSC]). France.
CKRM: Cherkasy Regional Museum, Cherkasy. Current as: CKRM. Cherkasy. Ukraine.
CLB: Private collection of Charles Lucien Bonaparte (1803–1857). Note: extant collections of fishes and herps currently at The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP). France.
CLC: Museo Universitario dell'Università “G. D'Annunzio” di Chieti-Pescara, Chieti. Current as: CLC (fossils, Capasso-registered collection). Chieti. Italy.
CLH: Museo Paleontológico de Galve, Teruel. Current as: CLH (fossils). Also as: CL, MPG (fossils). Teruel. Spain.
CLS-MHLP: Colegio La Salle de Paterna, Museo de Ciencias Naturales “Hermano León”, Paterna. Also known as: Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Paterna. Valencia. Spain.
CM: Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh. Note: fishes transferred mostly to FMNH, CAS and CUMV ca. 1952. Obsolete as: CMNH. Current as: CM (herps, fossils). Pennsylvania. USA.
CMA: Private collection of M. Arunachalam. Current as: CMA (fishes). Karnataka. India.
CMC: Canterbury Museum, Christchurch. Current as: CMC (fishes). Also as: CM (herps, fossils), CM Zfr (fossils). Canterbury. New Zealand.
CMC: Museum of Natural History and Science, Cincinnati Museum Center, Cincinnati. Formerly: Cincinnati Museum of Natural History (CMNH) of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History. Note: all natural history collections consolidated into The Geier Collections and Research Center in 2001. Includes: University of Cincinnati paleontology collection transferred in 1998; fossil collection of Earth Sciences Department, University of Minnesota, transferred in 2018. Obsolete as: CMNH, MCSNH, MNHSC. Current as: CMC VP (fossils). Ohio. USA.
CMFRI: Marine Biodiversity Museum, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi [Cochin]. Note: museum inaugurated in 2006, recognized as Designated National Repository (DNR) by Government of India in 2007; museum separate from older one in Mandapam, Tamil Nadu. Obsolete as: DNR GB (fishes), GB. Current as: CMFRI GA (cartilaginous fishes), CMFRI GB (bony fishes). Also as: CMFRI/PFD (fishes, Pelagic Fisheries Division), MBM. See also: MMMC (Mandapam, Tamil Nadu), NBFGR (genetic resources). Kerala. India.
CMIZASDPRK: Custody Museum, Institute of Zoology, Academy of Sciences, Pyongyang. Also as: MIZASP. North Korea.
CMK: Private collection of Maurice Kottelat, Delémont [previously as Cornol]. Current as: CMK. See also: ZSM/CMK. Jura. Switzerland.
CMLRE: Centre for Marine Living Resources & Ecology, Government Ministry of Earth Sciences, Kochi [Cochin]. Current as: CMLRE (fishes). Kerala. India.
CMM: Calvert Marine Museum, Solomons. Current as: CMM-V (fossils). Maryland. USA.
CMN: Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa. Formerly: National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada (NMC). Includes: collections of Victoria Memorial Museum Building (VMMB) and Nunavut Fossil Vertebrate Collection (NUFV). Obsolete as: CMN FI, NMC, VMMB. Current as: CMNFI (fishes), CMNAR (herps), CMNFV (fossil vertebrates). Ontario. Canada.
CMNH: Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Vertebrate Zoology, Cleveland. Ohio. USA.
CMNH: Fish Collection of Coastal Branch of Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba, Yoshio. Note: located in Yoshio, separate from collection in Chiba city. Current as: CMNH-ZF (fishes). See also: CBM. Chiba. Japan.
CMP: Museo de la Valltorta [Valltorta Museum], Tírig [Tirig]. Current as: CMP-MS (fossils from Mas de la Parreta Quarry-Mas de Sabater, Morella, Spain). Also as: VM (fossils). Castellón. Spain.
CMRI: Centar za istraživanje mora, Institut Ruder Bošković [Center for Marine Research, Rudjer Boskovic Institute], Rovinj. Also known as: Center for Marine Research Rovinj; Rovinj Marine Station. Note: established in 1891 as field station of Berlin Zoological Garden and Aquarium; original institute demolished and collections transferred to Italy during WWII with historical specimens extant at Stazione Idrobiologica, Chioggia. Current as: CMRI (fishes). Also as: CMRR (bryozoans). Istria. Croatia.
CMSNF: Centro Musei delle Scienze Naturali e Fisiche, Università di Napoli Federico II, Napoli [Naples]. Formerly: Museo Zoologico della Regia Università degli Studi, founded in 1813; Regio Museo Zoologico (RMZ). Includes: fishes from Instituto di Zoologia, Università degli Studi dell'Aquila (IZA); herps from university gabinetto di anatomia comparata (GAC) and gabinetto di anatomia generale et patologica (GAGP). Obsolete as: MZUN, RMZ, UNZM. Current as: CMSNF (fossils), MZN (fishes & herps, Museo Zoologico). Napoli [Naples]. Italy.
CNAR: Centre National d'Appui à la Recherche, N'Djamena. Current as: CNAR (fossils). Chad.
CNAR: Colección Nacional de Anfibios y Reptiles, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City. Includes: herps from Dirección General de Fauna Silvestre Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecología, Coyoacán (DGFSSEDUE), Escuela Nacional de Estudios Profesionales, Unidad Iztacala, Tlalnepantla de Baz (ENEPI) and Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chapultepec (MNHNM). Obsolete as: IBH, IBHUNAM, IBM. Current as: CNAR (herps). See also: MZFC. Mexico City. Mexico.
CNHM: Museo di Storia naturale del Salento, Calimera. Also known as: Civic Museum of Natural History in Calimera. Current as: CNHM (fossils). Lecce. Italy.
CNPE-IBUNAM: Colección Nacional de Peces, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City. Includes: fishes from Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chapultepec (MNHNM) and Escuela Nacional de Estudios Profesionales, Unidad Iztacala, Tlalnepantla de Baz (ENEPI). Obsolete as: CNP-IBUNAM, IBUNAM-CNPE, IBUNAM-P, UNAM, UNAM-CNP, UNAM-CNPE. Current as: CNPE-IBUNAM (preferred for citation in publications although IBUNAM currently used to catalog fishes). Mexico City. Mexico.
CNR: Laboratory Collection, College of Natural Resources, Royal University of Bhutan, Punakha. Current as: CNR (fishes). Punakha. Bhutan.
CNRO: Centre National de Recherches Oceanographiques, Nosy-Be [Nossi-bé]. Madagascar.
CNRST-SUNY: Joint collection of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique, Bamako, Republic of Mali, and Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York. Note: fossils belonging to the Republic of Mali to be transferred to American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in 2019. Current as: CNRST-SUNY (fossils). Mali.
CNUC: Chonbuk National University, College of Natural Science, Jeonju [Chonju]. Obsolete as: CNU, CNUCK, CUB, CUBK. Current as: CNUC (fishes). North Jeolla. South Korea.
COC: Centro Oceanográfico de Canarias, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, San Andrés, Island of Tenerife, Canarias [Canary Islands]. Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Spain.
COF-CAU: Natural History Referral Museum, College of Fisheries, Central Agriculture University (I), Lembucherra, Agartala. Current as: COF-CAU (fishes). Tripura. India.
COHERP-UAG: Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Colección Herpetológica, Guadalajara. Current as: COHERP-UAG. Also as: UAG (herps). Jalisco. Mexico.
COMU-ZDEU: Molecular Zootaxonomy Laboratory Collection, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Çanakkale. Current as: COMU-ZDEU (herps). See also: PRM (fishes). Çanakkale. Turkey.
COPPE-UFRJ: (see Addendum)
COPPE-UFRJ: Instituto Alberto Luiz Coimbra de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Engenharia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro. Formerly: Coordenação dos Programas de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa de Engenharia. Current as: COPPE-UFRJ (fossils). Rio de Janeiro. Brazil.
CORBIDI: Centro de Ornitología y Biodiversidad, Lima. Current as: CORBIDI (herps). Lima. Peru.
CORD: Museo de Paleontología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba. Current as: CORD-PZ (fossils). See also: MZUC (Recent fishes, herps). Córdoba. Argentina.
CP-UCO: Colección de Peces, Universidad Católica de Oriente, Rionegro. Current as: CP-UCO (fishes). Antioquia. Colombia.
CP: Centro Paleontológico, Universidade do Contest-ado, Mafra. Current as: CP (fossils). Rio Grande do Sul. Brazil.
CPBA: Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Buenos Aires. Current as: CPBA (fossils). See also: FCEN (Recent vertebrates). Buenos Aires. Argentina.
CPCA: Centro de Pesquisas Paleontológicas da Chapada do Araripe, Departamento Nacional de Produção Mineral, Crato. Current as: CPCA (fossils). Ceará. Brazil.
CPHR: Private collection of Herbert Rösler, Thale. Note: specimens to be deposited in Museum für Naturkunde (ZMB), Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen, Museum für Tierkunde (MTD) and probably Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM). Current as: CPHR (herps). Sachsen-Anhalt [Saxony-Anhalt]. Germany.
CPM: Chuxiong Prefectural Museum, Chuxiong. Note: established in 1993. Current as: CPM (fossils). Also as: CXMVZA (fossils). Yunnan. China.
CPN: Private collection of Prince Alexander Philipp Maximilian zu Wied-Neuwied, Wied [Hausen]. Note: herps now at American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). Rheinland-Pfalz [Rhineland-Palatinate]. Germany.
CPPLIP: Centro de Pesquisas Paleontológicas “Llewellyn Ivor Price”, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM), Peirópolis, Uberaba. Obsolete as: CPP (fossils). Current as: CPPLIP (fossils). Minas Gerais. Brazil.
CPT: Museo Aragonés de Paleontología, Fundación Conjunto Paleontológico de Teruel-Dinópolis (FCPT-D), Teruel. Also known as: Museo Paleontológico de Aragón. Note: foundation created by Gobierno de Aragón [Government of Aragon] in February 2004. Current as: CPT (fossils). Also as: MOAL (Molina Alto fossil collection). Teruel. Spain.
CPUC: Colecciones Paleontológicas, Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. Current as: CPUC (fossils). See also: MZUC (fishes, herps). Concepción. Chile.
CPUCLA: Colección Regional de Peces, Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado (UCLA), Barquisimeto. Lara. Venezuela.
CPUEMS: Centro de Estudos em Recursos Naturais (CERNA), Laboratório de Ecologia, Universidade Estadual de Mato Grosso do Sul, Dourados. Current as: CPUEMS (fishes, Coleção de Peixes). Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil.
CPUM: Colección de Peces de la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia. Obsolete as: CP-UMSNH, UMSNH (fishes). Current as: CPUM (fishes). See also: INIRENA (herps). Michoacán. Mexico.
CPZM: Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej [Croatian Natural History Museum], Zagreb. Includes: Hrvatski narodni zoološki muzej (HZM) [Croatian National Zoological Museum] and Geološko-paleontološki muzej [Geological-Palaeontological Museum], both descended from Narodni muzej [National Museum] established in 1846; Croatian Biospeleological Society Collection (CBSS); personal collection of Primož Zupančič (PZC). Obsolete as: HZM. Current as: CPZM (fishes). Also as: CNHM (fishes, herps, fossils). Zagreb. Croatia.
CRARC: Centre de Recuperació d'Amfibis i Rèptils de Catalunya, Masquefa. Barcelona. Spain.
CRBA: Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat de Biologia, Centre de Recursos de Biodiversitat Animal, Barcelona. Includes: Gabinete de Historia Natural de la Universidad de Barcelona established in 1847; zoological collections formerly held in Universitat de Barcelona Department de Biologia Animal (DBAUB; formerly Zoologia, DZV) and Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio). Current as: CRBA (fishes, herps). Also as: DBAUB, UBMZ, DZV (herps). Barcelona. Spain.
CRCM: Charles R. Conner Museum, Washington State University, Pullman. Obsolete as: WSU. Current as: CRCM. Washington. USA.
CRDOA: Center for Research and Development of Oceanology, Indonesian Institute of Science, Ambon. Current as: CRDOA (fishes). Maluku. Indonesia.
CRG-SAC: Conservation Research Group Collection, St. Albert's College, Kochi. Current as: CRG-SAC (fishes). Kerala. India.
CRH: Centre de Recherche en Hydrobiologie, Uvira [formerly in Zaire]. Current as: CRH (fishes). Also as: CRHU. Sud-Kivu. Congo (DRC).
CRP: Private collection of Mr. Parry, Harare [Salisbury]. Zimbabwe.
CRRHA: Centre Régional de Recherches en Hydrobiologie Appliquée, Bujumbura. Note: sponsored by Belgian government from 1992–1995. Burundi.
CRTLA: Centre de Reproducció de Tortugues de l'Albera, Garriguella. Girona. Spain.
CRUPF: Museu Zoológico Augusto Ruschi, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo. Current as: CRUPF (herps). Rio Grande do Sul. Brazil.
CRVS: Coleção de Referência do Vale do São Francisco, Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Campus VIII, Paulo Afonso. Current as: CRVS (fishes). Bahia. Brazil.
CSBD: Center for the Study of Biological Diversity, University of Guyana, Georgetown. Note: some fish holotypes dual-accessioned at CSBD Auburn University Natural History Museum (AUM) for temporary storage at AUM. Obsolete as: HA or CSBD no. HA (herps), UG, CSBD/UG, UG/CSBD. Current as: CSBD, CSBD F (fishes). Guyana.
CSF: California State University, Fullerton. Note: historical specimens largely transferred to Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (LACM) in 1986. California. USA.
CSI: Acquario e civica stazione Idrobiologica, Milano [Milan]. Milano [Milan]. Italy.
CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation, National Research Collections Australia, Australian National Fish Collection (ANFC), Hobart. Includes: fishes from Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority, Hobart (TFDA) added in 1985. Note: collection formerly held at CSIRO Marine Labs, Sydney (MLS), move to Hobart in 1984 and known as I.S.R. Munro Ichthyological Collection (1984–1999). Current as: CSIRO (fishes). Tasmania. Australia.
CSJ: Colegio de San José, Museo de Historia Natural, Medellín. Note: administered by Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano (ITM), Biodiversidad y Recursos Naturales. Current as: CSJ-I (fishes), CSJ-H (herps). Also as: MHNCSJ (herps). Antioquia. Colombia.
CSJP: Colégio San José de Pamplona, Pamplona. Also as: SJP. Norte de Santander. Colombia.
CSLB: California State University, Long Beach. Note: historical specimens largely transferred to Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (LACM) in 1980s. Also as: CSULB. California. USA.
CSPT: Chennai Snake Park Trust, Chennai. Formerly: Madras Snake Park (MSP). Obsolete as: MSP. Current as: CSPT (herps), CSPT/L (lizards), CSPT/S (snakes). Tamil Nadu. India.
CSPU: California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. California. USA.
CSTC: Colorado State Teachers College, Greeley. Also known as: State Normal School of Colorado. Note: institution currently known as University of Northern Colorado; status of collections unknown. Colorado. USA.
CSU: Colorado State University, Colorado Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Fort Collins. Note: fishes distributed to various regional museums in 1980s–90s such as LFL (Larval Fish Laboratory). Colorado. USA.
CSUC: California State University, Chico Vertebrate Museum, Chico. Current as: CSUC. California. USA.
CSUN: California State University, Northridge. Current as: CSUN (fishes, herps). Also as: REE-CSUN (Robert E. Espinoza herp collection). California. USA.
CTL: Private fish collection of Thomas Litz, Attenweiler. Note: some specimens deposited at Museo Nacional de Historia Natural y Antropología, Montevideo (MUNHINA) and Zoologische Staatssammlung München (ZSM) with ZSM catalog numbers. Baden-Württemberg. Germany.
CTU: Can Tho University, Can Tho. Current as: CTU (fishes). Can Tho. Vietnam.
CU: Comenius University, Bratislava. Current as: CU-RY (fishes), DE (herps, Department of Ecology), KGP (fossils, Department of Geology and Palaeontology), PRIF UK (Prírodovedecká Fakulta [Faculty of Natural Sciences]). Bratislava. Slovakia.
CU: University of Chittagong, Chittagong. Note: separate museums in Department of Zoology (DOZ, CU), Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries (IMSF; formerly Department of Marine Biology and Oceanography from 1971 to 1983) and Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences (IFES). Obsolete as: MMSF (fishes), CUZ (herps). Current as: CU preceded by catalog number (herps, Department of Zoology), CUMSF (fishes, Institute of Marine Sciences), IFESCU (herps, Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences), IMSFCU (herps, Institute of Marine Sciences and Fisheries). Chittagong. Bangladesh.
CUMV: Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates, Ithaca. Current as: CUMV. Also as: CU (retained on specimen labels). New York. USA.
CUMZ: Chulalongkorn University, Museum of Zoology, Bangkok. Obsolete as: CUB, CUB MZ, CUMZA (amphibians), CUZM. Current as: CUMZ (fishes, herps). Bangkok. Thailand.
CUP: Catholic University Peking, New Taipei City [Xinbei]. Note: fossil herps incorporated into Field Museum of Natural History (FMNH PR). New Taipei City. Taiwan.
CUP: Univerzita Karlova [Charles University], Praha [Prague]. Includes: fish types of Vadim Vladykov. Obsolete as: DZCHU, ZICU, ZICUP. Current as: CUP (fishes, herps). See also: CHMHZ (fossils). Praha [Prague]. Czech Republic.
CUSAT: Museum of the Department of Marine Biology, Microbology and Biochemistry (DMMB), School of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi [Cochin]. Formerly: University of Cochin. Current as: CUSAT (fishes). Kerala. India.
CUSC: Clemson University, Department of Biological Sciences, Vertebrate Collections, Clemson. South Carolina. USA.
CVRS: Centre Voltaique de la Recherche Scientifique, Ouagadougou. Burkina Faso.
CVSRSN: Società Romana di Scienze Naturali, Roma [Rome]. Current as: CVSRSN (herps). Also as: SRSN (herps). Roma [Rome]. Italy.
CVULA: Universidad de los Andes, Colección de Vertebrados, Mérida. Note: separate from ULABG at same institution. Obsolete as: ULAM. Current as: CVULA. Also as: CV-ULA (herps). Mérida. Venezuela.
CW-C: Collection of Alexandre Westphal-Castelnau, L'École nationale supérieure agronomique de Montpellier (ENSAM), Montpellier. Note: specimens transferred to Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris (MNHN). Hérault. France.
CWNU: China West Normal University, Nanchong. Current as: CWNU (herps). Sichuan. China.
CWS: Central Washington State University, Department of Biology, Ellensburg. Formerly: Central Washington State College (CWSC), 1961–1977. Washington. USA.
CYH: Chaoyang Bird Fossil National Geopark, Chaoyang. Also known as: Bird Fossil National Geological Park. Current as: CYH (fossils). Also as: CYGB. Liaoning. China.
CZACC: Colecciones Zoológicas de la Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática (IES), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente (CITMA), La Habana [Havana]. Includes: Charles T. Ramsden hepetological collection (CTR); herps from Orlando H. Garrido (OHG). Note: created in 1987 to house specimens formerly in Instituto de Zoología (IZ or IZAC) and its predecessor, Instituto de Biología (IB); IB & IZ specimens recataloged with new CZACC numbers. Current as: CZACC (herps). Also as: IES (herps), IZAC (fishes). La Habana. Cuba.
CZCEN: Colección Zoológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (FACENA), Universidad Nacional de Asunción, San Lorenzo. In error as: CZFCEN. Current as: CZCEN (fishes, herps). See also: MSUNA. Central. Paraguay.
CZGB: Coleção Zoológica Gregório Bondar (CZGB), Comissão Executiva do Plano da Lavoura Cacaueira (CEPLAC). Note: collection transferred to MZUESC in 2012. Current as: CZGB (herps). See also: MZUESC. Bahia. Brazil.
CZNC: Coleção Zoológica Norte Capixaba, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), São Mateus. Note: collection separate from UFES. Current as: CZNC (fishes). See also: UFES. Espírito Santo. Brazil.
CZPLT: Colección Zoológica Para la Tierra, Santa Rosa del Aguaray. Current as: CZPLT (herps). San Pedro. Paraguay.
CZUT: Colección Zoológica, Universidad del Tolima, Ibagué. Current as: CZUT-IC (fishes). Tolima. Colombia.
CZZA: Colección Zoológica de Zonas Áridas y Andinas, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica. Current as: CZZA (herps). Arica. Chile.
ChM: Charleston Museum, Charleston. Note: most fishes and herps transferred to North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences (NCSM), but small collection of regional specimens retained. Incorrect as: CMR. Obsolete as: CR. Also as: CHM (ChM preferred). South Carolina. USA.
CoZEM: Colección Zoológica Dr. Eustorgio Méndez, Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud (ICGES), Panama City. Formerly: Colección de Referencia del Laboratorio Conmemorativo Gorgas, founded in 1957. Current as: CoZEM (fishes, herps). Panamá. Panama.
ColBIO: Coleção Biológica “Prof. Edmundo F. Nonato” do Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade Universitária. Note: most specimens (mainly fish larvae and invertebrates) held prior to 2012 by the Instituto Oceanográfico and cited as IOUSP are now lost, including types of leptocephali described by Luiz Roberto Tommasi (1960). Obsolete as: IO, IOUSP. Current as: ColBIO (uncataloged fish larvae and invertebrates). São Paulo. Brazil.







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Richard J. Sexton