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H-GSP: Harvard-Geological Survey of Pakistan Project. Note: specimens to be deposited at Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH). Current as: H-GSP (fossils). Capital Territory. Pakistan.
HACW: College of Fishery, Huazhong Agriculture Collection, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan. Hubei. China.
HAF: Hafrannsóknastofnun [Marine Research Institute of Iceland], Reykjavik. Current as: HAF (fishes). Also as: MRII (fishes). Iceland.
HAINNU: Department of Biology, Hainan Normal University, Haikou. Hainan. China.
HASMG: Hastings Museum and Art Gallery, Hastings. Current as: HASMG (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
HBOM: Harbor Branch Oceanographic Museum, Fort Pierce. Current as: HBOM (fishes). Florida. USA.
HCM: Hakodate City Museum, Hakodate. Formerly: Hakodate Museum. Note: some historical specimens lost. Hokkaido. Japan.
HCMR: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters (IMBRIW), Anavyssos [Anavissos]. Formerly: National Center for Marine Research (NCMR). Obsolete as: IOAKE, NCMR. Current as: HCMR. Attica. Greece.
HDBI: Hrvatsko društvo za biološka istraživanja [Croatian Biological Research Society], Croatian Institute for Biodiversity, Zagrebu. Current as: HDBI. Zagreb. Croatia.
HFRI: Heilongjiang River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Harbin. Obsolete as: HRFRI. Current as: HFRI (fishes). Heilongjiang. China.
HGM: Henan Geological Museum, Zhengzhou. Note: codes HAII and HIII are collection codes, not the institutional code (HGM). Current as: HGM (fossils). Henan. China.
HGM: Hubei Geological Museum, Wuhan. Current as: HGM (fossils). Hubei. China.
HHNNR: Management Bureau of Hunan Hupingshan National Nature Reserve, Shimen County. Current as: HHNNR (fishes). Hunan. China.
HIFIRE: Havforskningsinstituttet [Institute of Marine Research], Bergen. Current as: HIFIRE (fishes). Hordaland. Norway.
HKFRS: Hong Kong Fisheries Research Station, Aberdeen. Note: formerly with University of Hong Kong, Department of Zoology (1952–1960). Hong Kong. China.
HLM: Holophusicon: The Leverian Museum, London. Note: natural history and ethnographic collection assembled by Ashton Lever (1729–1788); located first at Leicester House on Leicester Square (1775–1786), then Blackfriars Bridge where it was often known as the Museum Leverianum; auctioned in 1806 and purchased by several museums, including Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien (NMW). England. United Kingdom.
HLMD: Hessisches Landesmuseum, Darmstadt. Includes: Norbert Micklich fossil fish reference collection (SMFF) and extant fish reference collection (SMFR); fossil vertebrate collection, Natural History Department (WT). Obsolete as: HLD. Current as: HLMD (herps, fossils). Hesse [Hessen]. Germany.
HM: Great North Museum: Hancock, Newcastle upon Tyne. Formerly: Hancock Museum (1884–2006). Current as: HM (fossils). England. United Kingdom.
HM: HerpMapper Project (launched Sep 2013, global in scope); unique HM numbers catalog observations submitted by citizen scientists to online database ( www.herpmapper.org) and have been cited in publications (e.g., Herpetological Review). USA.
HMC: Hidaka Mountain Center, Hidaka. Current as: HMC (fossils). Hokkaido. Japan.
HMG: Haslar Medical Museum, Royal Naval Hospital, Gosport. Note: collections transfered to Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK). England. United Kingdom.
HMG: Hobetsu Museum, Mukawa. Current as: HMG (fossils). Hokkaido. Japan.
HMH: Historical Museum of Hokkaido, Sapporo. Current as: HMH (fossils). Hokkaido. Japan.
HML: Hel Marine Station [formerly Laboratory], Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdańsk [Stacja Morska Instytutu Oceanografii Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego], Hel. Also as: HEL. Pomeranian. Poland.
HMNS: Houston Museum of Natural Science, Houston. Note: Recent herp collection transferred to Texas A&M University, College Station (TCWC). Current as: HMNS (fossils). Texas. USA.
HNHM: Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum [Hungarian Natural History Museum], Budapest. Also known as: Musei Nationalis Hungarici/Musée National Hongrois (MNH). Formerly: part of the Hungarian National Museum (HNM) or Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum. Includes: fossils donated from Geological Institute of Hungary (GIH) and Eötvös University (ELTE), Budapest. Note: collections destroyed in part by fire during Hungarian uprising in 1956. Obsolete as: HNM, MNH, MNSB, NHMB. Current as: HNHM (fishes, herps, fossils). Also as: MTM (fossils), PG-HNHM (Department of Paleontology and Geology). Hungary.
HNNU: Henan Biological Specimen Museum, College of Life Sciences, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang. Formerly: Xinxiang Normal College (XNC) ca. 1956–1985. Also as: HENNU (amphibians). Henan. China.
HNS: Haus der Natur Salzburg, Salzburg. Current as: HNS (sharks). Salzburg. Austria.
HNSM: Hiwa Natural Sciences Museum, Hiwa. Current as: HNSM (fossils). Hiroshima. Japan.
HNUE: Hanoi National University of Education, Museum of Biology, Hanoi. Also known as: Hanoi University of Pedagogy, Truong Dai hoc Su pham or University of Su Pham. Includes: fishes described by Nguyen Huu Duc. Note: small fish and herp collection separate from Vietnam National University, Hanoi (VNUH). Current as: HNUE (fishes, herps). Also as: HUE. Hanoi. Vietnam.
HNUL: Zoological Museum of Hunan Normal University, Changsha. Current as: HNUL. Also as: HNU, HNNU, HNNUL. Hunan. China.
HPM: Heilongjiang Provincial Museum, Harbin. Note: established in 1904 and presumably listed as North Manchurian Museum (NMMH) in Leviton et al. (1985:813). Assigned here: HPM (fossils). Heilongjiang. China.
HRA: Heilongtan Reservoir Administration, Shilin County. Also as: RHLCY, RHS, HRSC, HRAS. Yunnan. China.
HSBS: Heimat- und Salinemuseum Bad Sulza. Includes: fossils from quarry “Krähenhütte”, Bad Sulza. Current as: HSBS (fossils). See also: NME. Thüringen [Thuringia]. Germany.
HSR: Hydrobiological Station of Rhodes, Rhodes. Formerly: Reale Istituto di Ricerche Biologiche di Rodi, built in 1934–1935 during Italian occupation of the Dodecanese (1912–1943). Note: currently part of Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR). Current as: HSR (fishes). See also: HCMR. Crete. Greece.
HSTUM: Henan University of Science and Technology Museum, Luoyang. Formerly: Luoyang Institute of Technology (1952–2002). Current as: HSTUM (herps). Henan. China.
HSU: Huangshan University Museum, Huangshan. Current as: HSU (herps). Also as: HUM (herps). Anhui. China.
HSU: Humboldt State University, Arcata. Current as: HSU (fishes), HSUVM (herps). California. USA.
HTC: Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou. Zhejiang. China.
HTW: Muzeum Geologiczne, Instytutu Nauk Geologicznych, Uniwersytet Wrocławski [Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wroclaw], Wrocław [Breslau]. Also known as: Henryk Teisseyre Geological Museum. Note: holotype of Python euboicus attributed by Römer (1870) to mineralogical museum (ZPWM) is apparently lost. Current as: HTW (fossils). See also: MNHUW (Recent fishes, herps), ZPAL (fossils). Mazovia. Poland.
HUIC: Hacettepe Üniversitesi [Hacettepe University], Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Ichthyological Collection, Ankara. Current as: HUIC (fishes). See also: CGE. Ankara. Turkey.
HUJ: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Zoological Museum, Jerusalem. Obsolete as: HUJF. Current as: HUJ-F (fishes), HUJ-R (herps), HUJ-PAL (fossils). Israel.
HUMZ: The Hokkaido University Museum, Sapporo, and Fisheries Science Center, Hakodate. Formerly: Hokkaido University, Marine Zoology Laboratory. Obsolete as: HUNHM. Current as: HUMZ (fishes). See also: UHR (fossils). Hokkaido. Japan.
HVMSH: Heda Shipbuilding Local Data/Bottom Feeder Museum, Heda [town merged with Numazu]. Shizuoka. Japan.
HvM: Private collection of Hermann von Meyer (1801–1869). Note: status unknown. Germany.

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Richard J. Sexton