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VBCM: Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Cátedra de Zoología de Vertebrados. Also known as: Museo de Anatomía Comparada de Vertebrados. Current as: VBCM (fishes). Madrid. Spain.
VC: Ventura College Fish Collection, Department of Biology, Ventura. California. USA.
VCCDRS: Vertebrate Collection, Charles Darwin Research Station, Puerto Ayora, Santa Cruz. Also known as: museo de vertebrados. Current as: VCCDRS. Also as: CDRS, MVECCD (herps). Galápagos. Ecuador.
VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond. Note: fish collection transferred to Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS). Virginia. USA.
VER: Universidad Veracruzana, Facultad de Ciecias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Tuxpan. Current as: VER-PEC (fishes). See also: IIB-UV. Veracruz. Mexico.
VGI: Volga Humanitarian Institute, Volzhsky. Note: branch of Volgograd State University. Current as: VGI (fossils). Volgograd Oblast. Russia.
VIMS: Virginia Institute of Marine Science, Gloucester Point. Includes: fishes formerly cataloged at Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland, Solomons (VIMS-CBL), University of Richmond, Virginia (VIMS-UR) and Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), all assigned new VIMS catalog numbers. Current as: VIMS (fishes, Nunnally Ichthyological Collection). Virginia. USA.
VISR: Virginia Institute for Scientific Research, Allen T. Gwathney Laboratory on University of Richmond campus, Richmond. Note: collection no longer extant; some fishes transferred to The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP). Virginia. USA.
VLS: Private collection of Víctor López Seoane (1832–1900). Note: no longer extant; some specimens donated to MNHN, NHMUK, ZISP and other museums. A Coruña. Spain.
VM: Vrisa Natural History Museum, Lesvos [Lesbos]. North Aegean. Greece.
VMFC: Private fish collection of Vatandoust and Mousavi-Sabet. Tehran. Iran.
VMM: Suffolk County Vanderbilt Museum, Center-port. Formerly: Vanderbilt Marine Museum. Note: most type specimens trasferred to American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). New York. USA.
VMNH: Virginia Museum of Natural History, Martins-ville. Current as: VMNH (fossils). Virginia. USA.
VMO: Vlastivědné muzeum v Olomouci, Olomouc. Current as: VMO (sharks). Olomoucký [Olomouc]. Czech Republic.
VNHM: Virtual Natural History Museum [website]. Current as: VNHM-ID (images of fossils). United Kingdom.
VNIRO: Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography, Moscow. Note: founded in 1933 via merger of State Oceanographic Institute (GOIN) and All-Russian Research Institute of Marine Fishery (VNIIMORKh). Current as: VNIRO (fishes). Central Federal District. Russia.
VNMN: Vietnam National Museum of Nature, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Cau Giay District, Hanoi. Current as: VNMN (fishes, herps). See also: IEBR. Hanoi. Vietnam.
VNUF: Department of Wildlife, Faculty of Forest Resources and Environmental Management, Vietnam National University of Forestry, Xuan Mai, Chuong My. Also known as: Vietnam Forestry University (VFU). Obsolete as: VFU. Current as: VNUF (herps). Hanoi. Vietnam.
VNUH: Vietnam National University, Hanoi. Includes: Department of Vertebrate Zoology, University of Tông-Hop (DVZUT), Also known as Zoology Museum, University of Hanoi (LZUH, ZMUH), merged into VNUH in 1993. Obsolete as: CRES (Center for Natural Resources and Environmental Studies), HNUV, LZUH, NUH, VUNH, DVZUT, ZMUH. Current as: VNUH (fishes, herps). Also as: ZMVNU (mammals). Hanoi. Vietnam.
VPM: Volgograd Provincial Museum, Volgograd. Also known as: Volgograd Regional Museum. Current as: VPM (fossils). Volgograd Oblast. Russia.
VUP: Vinh University, Vinh. Formerly: Pedagogical University of Vinh (1962–2001). Current as: VUP (fishes, herps). Also as: CQ (herps from Chau Quang village), VUM (Vinh University Museum). Nghê. An. Vietnam.
VUW: Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington. Includes: National Frozen Tissue Collection (NFTC). Note: herp collection formerly deposited in Department of Zoology (VUZ) transferred to Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa (NMNZ). Wellington. New Zealand.
VW/D: Hans Hermann Schleich collection of Nepalese and Indian amphibians and reptiles, Fuhlrott-Museum, Wuppertal. Note: transferred to Zoologische Staatsammlung München (ZSM) in 2012. Nordrhein-Westfalen [North Rhine-Westphalia]. Germany.

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Richard J. Sexton